The emergence and evolution of the jihad offers answers to the emergence of radical Islamism – Part II

The emergence and evolution of the jihad offers answers to the emergence of radical Islamism – Part II

During his lifetime, the Prophet Muhammad left a number of basic ideas regarding the concept of “jihad”, although he never quite detailed the subject as much as some Muslim scholars and jurists have done after his death. Thus, in the terms of the Prophet Muhammad there were only two types of jihad:   The Major […]

The emergence and evolution of the jihad offers answers to the emergence of radical Islamism – Part I

The emergence and evolution of the jihad offers answers to the emergence of radical Islamism – Part I

We see waves of radical Islamic groups, from Al-Qaeda to Islamic State (ISIS), invoking the name of Allah and the Prophet Muhammad to justify their actions. We see Saudi Arabia punishing acts of freedom of speech with life imprisonment or even with capital punishment and we see the Saudis still forcing their women to wear […]

Moldavia’s EU Road, the New National Project for Romania

Moldavia’s EU Road, the New National Project for Romania

As a young Romanian child raised and educated between the end of the 90’s and the start of the new millennium, my parents and my school teachers were always telling me and my colleagues that the reunification of Romania and Bessarabia (Republic of Moldova’s original name) is just a question of time and patience. But […]

Geopolitics without territory?

Geopolitics without territory?

At the beginning of the year, there are always plenty of new essays portraying the international scenario of the new year. This fact is very optimistic if it is considered that new previsions are taken into account about the possible course of the world. An adequate international approach implies the elaboration of hypothesis or precise […]

The Chinese geographic “fence”

The Chinese geographic “fence”

Following a long historical experience, beginning with the Persian Empire, the Roman Empire and ending with the British and American Empire, the requirements for becoming a global superpower have gradually become entrenched in the minds of the ruling elites, including in that of China’s. Economic capabilities, political conditions and military strength have their importance of […]

Kemalism, a possible solution to a more peaceful Middle East

Kemalism, a possible solution to a more peaceful Middle East

The end of the first Word War defined another geopolitical route for Turkey and forced by its own security needs – not by foreign compulsion – it integrated a set of Western ideas dubbed “The six arrows” – “republicanism, populism, nationalism, secularism, statism” and “reformism- within the set of traditional values that had been in […]