Last week was full of interesting geopolitical events at a global level
By far the most important event was the 66th Session of the UN General Assembly, with the hot topic of Palestinian’s recognition as the 194thUN state.
Everyone waited for this moment since the beginning of the year and this week meetings at New York were meant for Palestine to ask its recognition as a member state, but with its frontiers as they were before 1967. However, this was not the best option for the Palestinian state. USA has not hesitated to announce that they will make use of the power to veto in the UN Security Council.
For the Palestinian National Authority to become an UN member state, the Security Council needs to validate the application for membership with a majority of 9 members, provided that none of the 5 permanent members – USA, UK, France, China and Russia – vote against the application. If the Council recommends admission, the application is presented to the General Assembly, where a two-thirds majority of members present and voting is necessary for admission of the Palestinian state.
Abbas’s speech, President of the Palestinian Authority, during the meetings, has led the Prime Minister of Israel, Benjamin Netanyahu, to reopen negotiations for peace.
The Quartet on the Middle East formed by the USA, UN, Russia and EU has reacted this Friday to the application for membership of the Palestinian National Authority. The Quartet has proposed a detailed offer to restart the negotiations and has even fixed the objective of a final agreement at the end of year 2012.
Netanyahu declared that he is willing to accept the plan presented by the Quartet on the Middle East, yet with some reserves. However, the Palestinian people prefer to wait for the decision of the Security Council, celebrating the event in the Yasser Arafat Place, in Ramallah. The reason of their celebration is a step forward towards the creation of the Palestinian state. As the independence of the Palestinian National Authority requires a deeper analysis, this week you can read on geopolitics.ro a whole detailed article about this topic.
Last Thursday, at the UN General Assembly, Ahmadinejad’s speech was considered offending by the USA and EU delegations who reacted by leaving the General Assembly Hall. Ahmadinejad condemned the way US played in various wars that took place along time, as well as in the world financial crisis. He even asked the Western powers to pay for damage they caused during the slavery era.
UN General Assembly was not the only meeting at a global level, this week. At Washington, during the IMF annual meeting, the Managing Director Christine Lagarde warned that the $400 billion from the IMF cannot cover the potential needs of the vulnerable countries and the collateral damage done by the crisis. Therefore, the Finance Ministers have taken into account the need of an additional source of capital for IMF.
Romania was not held far from the center of events. After his visit in the United States two weeks ago, Traian Basescu drew attention to himself when he revealed the content of a Wikileaks diplomatic cable. According to that document, Basescu was worried that Russia might defy Romania’s interests, thus asking for a military reaction from our side. However, once the document became public, Basescu pointed out that with his statement he just wanted to “test” the reactions of the EU and USA to a military conflict in Transnistria. Whether they have passed the test is still to be discussed.
From another viewpoint, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs announced in a press release on the 19th of September that Romania was elected in the position of President of the General Conference of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), taking place on September 19-23, 2011, in Vienna. The President office will be exercised by the Romanian Ambassador to the international organizations in Vienna, Cornel Feruta.
However, Romania’s situation at the global level has been affected by the delay of joining the Schengen Area. Not only Finland and the Netherlands are against Romania’s access in the Schengen Area, but also the Justice and Home Affairs Council still hesitates between a gradual admission and a refusal. Moreover, Romania has a diplomatic conflict with the Netherlands by blocking the entry of its flowers at the customs.
After renegotiations about 5+2 format of Transnistria, prime-minister Vlad Filat declared last week that Russia needs to retry immediately its military troops from Transnistria. Whether Russia will take in consideration the advice is still to be seen, especially because Putin is currently preparing to take over the Kremlin, thus causing doubts about a ‘castling’ with Medvedev.
News about the tense relationship between Cyprus and Israel on one side, and Turkey on the other side were not presented in detail in our media, this week. A day after an American company has started drilling for gas in the South of Cyprus, prime-minister of Turkey, Erdogan, stated that Cyprus and Israel started an obsessive search for oil. Turkey has even asked Cyprus to stop drilling in the Eastern Mediterranean region, alleging the fragmentation into the Republic of Cyprus – not recognized by Ankara – and Turkish Republic of Cyprus, recognized only by Ankara.
Disregarding the Cypriot and Greek authorities in the island, Turkey warned that they will react to the drilling, by starting their own works under military protection. Nevertheless, EU has asked Turkey to avoid endanger its relationship with Cyprus. On the other hand, Cyprus authorities believe that exploring the natural resources is for the benefit of all Cypriot people. They have even signed an agreement with Israel in order to mark the economic areas between them.
Finally, the fight for power in Yemen is growing. Last week, the riots intensified when Saleh appeared in public after he tried to kill himself in June.